Stone and the Environment

Natural stone used on construction projects provides the timeless essence of solidity, quality and prestige whilst mirroring the basic mechanism of earth. Using stone as a building material means it can be used on new build projects and subsequently reused with time - the ideal cradle to grave material.

St Pauls Cathedral using Portland Stone

Generally, there is a consensus that for a building to be sustainable it needs to use materials which:

- Improve energy efficiency

- Reduce waste and pollution

- Conserve natural resources

- Are non-toxic

- Use renewable energies 

- Have a long life-span.

Natural stone is typically one of these materials.

How can the Sustainability of a Material like Stone be Measured?

The BRE Green Guide rating is a relative measure of the environmental impact of a building element against other types of construction from cradle to grave over a 60 year study period. Natural stone, such as Portland stone achieves very well. Please click here to find out more about it's performance.

The BRE GreenBook Live is an online database designed to help specifiers and end users identify products and services that can help to reduce their impact on the environment.

To see other stone products listed in the GreenBook for the Responsible Sourcing of Construction Products (BES 6001) standard, please click here.

To view Albion Stone's EPD (Environmental Product Declaration) please contact us.

Carbon in Stone

A report produced for Historic Scotland, comparing the embodied carbon of natural stone with other building materials in order to quantify the environmental advantages of using stone. The study concluded that locally sourced stones are low carbon building materials compared to imported stone, brick or concrete. To view this report, please click here.

The Stone carbon footprint compares very well to other building materials. The University of Bath completed surveys comparing the carbon footprints of construction materials, showing that Natural Stone has a 90% smaller carbon footprint than facing bricks and a 75% smaller  carbon footprint than prefabricated concrete. To view this report, please click here.

To request a copy of Albion Stone's Responsible Sourcing Policy, please email