This section covers the use of Heritage Portland Stone bricks on typical building projects but does not give specific design advice and expert advice should be sort where required.
Heritage Portland Stone includes all the distinct geological characteristics of our Portland Whitbed seam which ties in with historical use on Portland Stone buildings, including St Paul’s Cathedral.
The Natural Stone Masonry in modern Scottish Construction, gives some useful background information on differing types of walling and construction methods and typical design details and sketches. It is important to read this document together with any new guidance in the relevant British Standards, but typically the Heritage Portland Stone Bricks can simply replace clay bricks in most applications.
We offer a full range of brick specials along with standard bricks. Bespoke Portland Stone features such as stone quoins, window surrounds, string and coping courses are available to order.
Designed like a typical cavity wall construction but with a stone brick rather than clay brick as the outer facing. Appropriate insulation, cavity ventilation, water management, movement joints and fixings will need to be incorporated into the design.
The stones are normally directly attached using appropriate fixings to the loadbearing structure or may form part of the loadbearing structure. The wall should be constructed to ensure no staining can migrate from the structure into the stonework. Care needs to be taken relating to control of moisture so we would recommend looking at tradition designs where the surface water is diverted from the façade with regular projections. The incorporation of a suitable DPC should be carefully considered but waterproofing the face or the rear of the wall to stop moisture penetrating is normally not advised.
The joint sizes will depend on the design, but it is assumed that the typical brick joint of 10mm will be used in most applications. Bedding mortar can be 1: 1: 6, White Cement, Hydrated Lime, and Washed Sand. Avoid sand containing clays or other contaminates that could leach into the stone bricks. The mortar should not be stronger than the stone itself and the hydrated lime should not be replaced with a proprietary plasticiser as chemicals within these products may react or discolour the stone. Lime mortars may be appropriate in some applications but may need a longer curing period.
All Albion Stone’s production is certificated to the ISO 9001 kitemark, meaning the quality system is independently audited by BSI representatives. For detailed Technical Data, please see technical data sheet. The CE Certificates and Declaration of Performances are available when the bricks are delivered.
The compressive strength is typically in the range of 40 to 60 MPa, so the very upper range of masonry bricks and close to the level required for engineering bricks class B. The Heritage Portland Stone is frost resistant as determined by BS EN 12371 losing typically 15% strength on frost cycles 14 to 168, and classed as A1 for fire resistance.
The Heritage Portland Bricks are manufactured to the same size as standardised metric size brick 215mm x 102mm x 65mm high and to the tolerances set out in BSEN 771-6 for the D2 category where the height, length and width are +/- 2mm.
The pallets contain 300 stone bricks which, assuming stretcher bond and 10mm joints, provides a coverage of approximately 5m2. Pallets are wrapped in recyclable plastic and weight approximately one tonne. The plastic is primarily for protection during transport and is not suitable for long-term site storage. We suggest you avoid prolonged external storage.
Heritage Portland Stone typically weighs 2.2 tonne per cubic meter, giving each Portland Stone Heritage Brick a typical weight of 3.15kg, so a little heavier than a typical clay brick.
The stone will not require cleaning to safeguard its durability; cleaning is purely a cosmetic requirement.
The effects of algae growth and bird fouling can be limited with a regular cleaning regime using a little water with a soft bristled brush. For the removal of this, and more ingrained contamination call the Lithofin Technical Line for specific guidance.
Cleaning and surface repair of a larger façade should be carried out in accordance with BS 8221‑1 and BS 8221‑2 and the Stone Federation guide to Best Practice on the Cleaning of Internal and External Masonry Surfaces guidance by suitably qualified operatives on a cycle depending on the building design, the local climate and orientation of the facades, and the levels of atmospheric deposits deemed acceptable by the client.
Albion Stone, a fourth generation family business pride ourselves on having a helpful and skilled workforce as well as modern and traditional manufacturing process to enable us to produce the highest quality Portland Stone with minimal environmental impact.